Document Detail

Parents' restrictive feeding practices are associated with young girls' negative self-evaluation of eating.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11103656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine whether parents' restriction of young girls' access to palatable foods promotes the consumption of those foods while evoking negative self-evaluation.
DESIGN: Girls' intake of 10 snack foods was measured immediately following a standard lunch, in a setting with free access to palatable snack foods. Girls' self-evaluation about their eating was assessed following the free access snack session. In addition, reports of parental restriction were obtained from mothers, fathers, and girls.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 197 girls aged 4.6 to 6.4 years and their parents.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Structural equation modeling was used to test models describing relationships between parents' restriction and girls' eating.
RESULTS: Following the standard lunch, girls' snack food intake during the 10-minute free access session ranged from 0 to 436 kcal, with a mean of 123 +/- 7 kcal. Approximately half of the girls reported negative self-evaluation about eating 1 or more of the 10 foods provided. The revised path model indicated that parents' restriction predicted both girls' snack food intake and girls' negative self-evaluation of eating. Girls' negative self-evaluation of eating was not associated with the amount of food that they consumed when not hungry, but was linked to their perceptions of being restricted from those foods.
APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that restricting young girls' access to palatable foods may promote the intake of restricted foods and may also generate negative feelings about eating restricted foods.
J O Fisher; L L Birch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-06     Completed Date:  2000-12-22     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1341-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior / psychology*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet, Reducing
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Food Deprivation*
Longitudinal Studies
Models, Statistical
Parent-Child Relations*
Self Concept*
Grant Support

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