Document Detail

Parents' participation in a work-based anti-poverty program can enhance their children's future orientation: understanding pathways of influence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22878938     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths' career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for 3 years. Importantly, effects on youths' future orientation were found 8 years after the program began (5 years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths' cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths' educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys' pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths' educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning.
Kelly M Purtell; Vonnie C McLoyd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-08-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of youth and adolescence     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1573-6601     ISO Abbreviation:  J Youth Adolesc     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-13     Completed Date:  2014-01-07     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0333507     Medline TA:  J Youth Adolesc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  777-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Development*
Employment / psychology*
Poverty / prevention & control*,  psychology
Grant Support
5 R24 HD 042849-04/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD 36038/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD036038/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R24 HD042849/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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