Document Detail

Parents' education, mothers' vocabulary, and cognitive development in early childhood: longitudinal evidence from Ecuador.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22021308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: I estimated the association between parents' education, mothers' vocabulary, and early child cognitive development in a sample of poor children in rural Ecuador.
METHODS: I used regression analysis to estimate the association between parents' education, mothers' vocabulary, and the vocabulary, memory, and visual integration skills of children at early ages, controlling for possible confounders. The study is based on a longitudinal cohort of children in rural Ecuador (n = 2118).
RESULTS: The schooling and vocabulary levels of mothers were strong predictors of the cognitive development of young children. Household wealth and child's height, weight, and hemoglobin levels explained only a modest fraction of the observed associations. The vocabulary levels of mothers and children were more strongly correlated among older children in the sample, suggesting that the effects of a richer maternal vocabulary are cumulative.
CONCLUSIONS: Differences in children's cognitive outcomes start very early, which has important implications for the intergenerational transmission of poverty and inequality. Programs that seek to increase early stimulation for disadvantaged children, perhaps through parenting programs or high-quality center-based care, hold promise.
Norbert Schady
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  2011-12-29     Revised Date:  2013-12-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2299-307     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Development*
Child Nutrition Disorders / psychology
Child, Preschool
Developing Countries
Educational Status*
Language Tests
Longitudinal Studies
Mothers / education*
Parents / education*
Poverty Areas
Rural Population

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