Document Detail

Parenting style and adolescent's reaction to conflict: is there a relationship?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12457579     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To determine if the reactions of adolescents toward hypothetical situations that can lead to conflict and violence varied by parenting style of their mothers. METHODS: This study was part of a larger research project involving adolescents and their mothers participating in a longitudinal HIV-prevention program. Mothers and their adolescents were recruited from a community-based organization (CBO) and interviewed separately. Data were analyzed using the responses of 439 African-American adolescents ranging from ages 11 to 14 years. The responses of adolescents to questions about parenting were used to classify mothers into one of three parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, or permissive. The "anticipated reactions to hypothetical situations" scale consists of 11 items with 6 response categories. The six responses were reclassified into three categories ranging from "not at all violent" to "extremely violent." Higher scores indicate more violent reactions to the hypothetical situations. The parenting scale consists of two subscales: a 13-item parental involvement scale and a 13-item parental control scale. Items were rated on a 5-point Likert scale from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree." Analysis of variance was used to determine if the anticipated reactions of adolescents toward hypothetical situations varied by parenting style of their mothers. RESULTS: Adolescent participants who reported a more permissive parenting style expressed more intense negative reactions toward the hypothetical situations that can provoke conflict. Male adolescents also expressed more intense reactions than females to the situations. There was no difference in intensity of reaction by age after controlling for gender and parenting style. CONCLUSIONS: Parenting style is associated with adolescents' reactions to hypothetical situations that can provoke conflict. This finding highlights the importance of considering parents and their approach to child-rearing as a factor in the adolescent's ability to react to conflict.
Jessica M Miller; Colleen DiIorio; William Dudley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1054-139X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adolesc Health     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-29     Completed Date:  2003-04-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102136     Medline TA:  J Adolesc Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  463-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Policy and Management, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Psychology*
African Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Analysis of Variance
Conflict (Psychology)*
Longitudinal Studies
Parent-Child Relations
Parenting / psychology*
Violence / psychology*
Grant Support
5R01MH55710-05/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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