Document Detail


Parenting and risk for mood, anxiety and substance use disorders: a study in population-based male twins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23344783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Previous studies consistently identified a relationship between parenting behavior and psychopathology. In this study, we extended prior analyses performed in female twins to a large sample of twins from male-male pairs.
METHODS: We used interview data on 2,609 adult male twins from a population-based twin registry. We examined the association between three retrospectively reported parenting dimensions (coldness, protectiveness, and authoritarianism) and lifetime history of seven common psychiatric and substance use disorders. Using univariate structural equation modeling, we also examined the influence of the genetic and environmental factors on parenting.
RESULTS: Examined individually, coldness was consistently associated with risk for a broad range of adult psychopathology. Averaged odds of psychiatric disorders associated with parenting were increased between 26 and 36 %. When the three parenting dimensions were examined together, coldness remained significant for major depression, phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder. Controlling for other disorders, the associations between the parenting dimensions and psychopathology were non-specific. Twin fitting model demonstrated that modest heritability accounted for parenting, whereas most variance resulted from the non-shared environment.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on our current and prior findings, there is broad similarity in the impact of parenting on adult psychopathology between men and women.
Authors:
Takeshi Otowa; Charles O Gardner; Kenneth S Kendler; John M Hettema
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Twin Study     Date:  2013-01-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1433-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-15     Completed Date:  2014-02-03     Revised Date:  2014-11-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804358     Medline TA:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1841-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anxiety Disorders / genetics,  psychology*
Authoritarianism
Female
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Mood Disorders / genetics,  psychology*
Object Attachment
Parenting / psychology*
Parents / psychology*
Personality Assessment
Personality Development
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Social Environment
Substance-Related Disorders / genetics,  psychology*
Twins
Virginia
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AA-00236/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; AA-09095/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; DA-11287/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; MH-40828/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH/AA/DA-49492/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 DA011287/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 MH049492/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; UL1RR031990/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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