Document Detail

Parenteral nutrition: formulation, monitoring, and complications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17727159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Because decreased caloric and nutrient intake can complicate the course of both mild and serious illness, parenteral nutrition (PN) is an important feeding modality for patients unable to receive adequate enteral nutrition. Although the effectiveness of PN has not been proven in animals, human studies have shown that using PN in appropriately selected cases can improve clinical outcome, reduce hospitalization time, and even reduce the overall cost of patient care. PN formulations for animals are readily available through pharmacies. This article provides practitioners with basic information on calculating and using PN in patients. Information is also provided on monitoring patients receiving PN as well as ways to identify and overcome common complications in animals receiving PN.
Elizabeth Thomovsky; Robert Backus; Alisa Reniker; F A Mann; John R Dodam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Compendium (Yardley, PA)     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1940-8307     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-30     Completed Date:  2007-10-12     Revised Date:  2008-01-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101290247     Medline TA:  Compend Contin Educ Vet     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-102; quiz 102-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Diseases / therapy*
Energy Metabolism / physiology
Length of Stay
Nutritional Requirements
Parenteral Nutrition / adverse effects,  economics,  methods,  veterinary*
Treatment Outcome
Veterinary Medicine* / economics,  methods

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