Document Detail

Parental smoking and passive smoking in infants: fathers matter too.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15328304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examines mothers' and fathers' smoking patterns in different kinds of smoking households, and assesses their relative contribution to infants' exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. It uses data from a cross-sectional survey of 314 smoking households (infants: mean age 10 weeks) in Coventry and Birmingham, England, examining reported tobacco consumption and objective measures of exposure: the study infant's urinary cotinine:creatinine ratios and their mother's salivary cotinine. The study shows that both mothers' and fathers' tobacco smoke make substantial contributions to infant exposure to tobacco smoke. Households were more likely to contain a smoking father than mother, with over two-thirds of households including a smoking father. In households where both parents smoke, fathers' tobacco consumption was found to be significantly higher than in households where only the father smokes. This suggests that the interaction between parents needs to be considered rather than focusing on mothers' or fathers' smoking behaviour in isolation. The implications for health promotion programmes are discussed, particularly the need to place more emphasis on tackling fathers' smoking. Currently, fathers' smoking receives far less research or health promotion attention than mothers' smoking. Protecting infants from fathers' as well as mothers' smoking is key to reducing environmental tobacco exposure in early infancy, when the risk of Sudden Infant Death is highest.
C M Blackburn; S Bonas; N J Spencer; C J Coe; A Dolan; R Moy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-08-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health education research     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0268-1153     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Educ Res     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-28     Completed Date:  2005-04-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608459     Medline TA:  Health Educ Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-94     Citation Subset:  T    
School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Cotinine / analysis,  urine
Creatinine / urine
Cross-Sectional Studies
England / epidemiology
Infant, Newborn
Saliva / chemistry
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 486-56-6/Cotinine; 60-27-5/Creatinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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