Document Detail

Parental leave and child health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11186852     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study investigates whether rights to parental leave improve pediatric health. Aggregate data are used for 16 European countries over the 1969 through 1994 period. More generous paid leave is found to reduce deaths of infants and young children. The magnitudes of the estimated effects are substantial, especially where a causal effect of leave is most plausible. In particular, there is a much stronger negative relationship between leave durations and post-neonatal or child fatalities than for perinatal mortality, neonatal deaths, or low birth weight. The evidence further suggests that parental leave may be a cost-effective method of bettering child health.
C J Ruhm
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health economics     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0167-6296     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Econ     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-11     Completed Date:  2001-01-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8410622     Medline TA:  J Health Econ     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  931-60     Citation Subset:  H    
Department of Economics, Bryan School, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Welfare / statistics & numerical data*
Child, Preschool
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Data Collection
Europe / epidemiology
Infant Mortality / trends*
Models, Econometric
Parental Leave / economics,  statistics & numerical data*
Value of Life

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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