Document Detail

Parental education and frequency of food consumption in European children: the IDEFICS study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22687743     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children. DESIGN: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. SETTING: Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. SUBJECTS: Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years. RESULTS: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0·001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·47, 0·65), fruits (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·48, 0·65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2·23; 95 % CI 1·92, 2·59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2·01; 95 % CI 1·77, 2·37). CONCLUSIONS: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.
Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira; Theodora Mouratidou; Karin Bammann; Antje Hebestreit; Gianvincenzo Barba; Sabina Sieri; Lucia Reisch; Gabriele Eiben; Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou; Eva Kovacs; Inge Huybrechts; Luis A Moreno
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-12     Citation Subset:  -    
1GENUD (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, University School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Edificio Cervantes, C/Corona de Aragón 42, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
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