Document Detail

Parental influence on substance use in adolescent social networks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23045157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the parenting style of an adolescent's peers' parents and an adolescent's substance use.
DESIGN: Longitudinal survey.
SETTING: Adolescents across the United States were interviewed at school and at home.
PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample of adolescents in the United States.
MAIN EXPOSURE: Authoritative vs neglectful parenting style of adolescent's parents and adolescent's friends' parents and adolescent substance use.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adolescent alcohol abuse, smoking, marijuana use, and binge drinking.
RESULTS: If an adolescent had a friend whose mother was authoritative, that adolescent was 40% (95% CI, 12%-58%) less likely to drink to the point of drunkenness, 38% (95% CI, 5%-59%) less likely to binge drink, 39% (95% CI, 12%-58%) less likely to smoke cigarettes, and 43% (95% CI, 1%-67%) less likely to use marijuana than an adolescent whose friend's mother was neglectful, controlling for the parenting style of the adolescent's own mother, school-level fixed effects, and demographics. These results were only partially mediated by peer substance use.
CONCLUSIONS: Social network influences may extend beyond the homogeneous dimensions of own peer or own parent to include extradyadic influences of the wider network. The value of parenting interventions should be reassessed to take into account these spillover effects in the greater network.
Holly B Shakya; Nicholas A Christakis; James H Fowler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine     Volume:  166     ISSN:  1538-3628     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-01     Completed Date:  2013-03-11     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422751     Medline TA:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1132-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior
Alcohol-Related Disorders / psychology*
Health Surveys
Longitudinal Studies
Marijuana Abuse / psychology*
Maternal Behavior
Models, Statistical
Mother-Child Relations
Peer Group*
Regression Analysis
Self Report
Smoking / psychology*
Social Support*
United States
Grant Support
P01 AG031093/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P01 AG031093/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P41 GM103504/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; R01 AG024448/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG024448/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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