Document Detail

Parental Eczema Increases the Risk of Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Reactions to Milk but Not to Egg, Peanut or Hazelnut.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22212824     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: While genetic factors are known to be important in the development of sensitization to foods, it is not known whether they also play a role in clinical allergic reactivity to foods. Objective: We aimed to determine whether parental atopic diseases are associated with a higher risk of a reaction to common allergenic foods when tested in a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC). Methods: Parents of children suspected of being food allergic were interviewed about their own and their child's atopic history. Specific IgE and skin prick tests to food allergens and the outcome of food challenges in the child were recorded. Results: Data from 553 double-blind food challenges performed in 396 children were analyzed. The foods tested were milk (n = 185), egg (n = 110), peanut (n = 198) and hazelnut (n = 60). Only parental eczema was significantly associated with positive outcomes for food challenges with milk after correction for age, sex, atopic comorbidity in the child and milk-specific IgE test results (odds ratio 3.1, 95% confidence interval 1.5-6.3). Conclusions: Children with a positive DBPCFC to milk more frequently have parents with eczema than children with a negative test. This effect of parental eczema was not seen in children challenged with egg, peanut or hazelnut. Clinical reactivity to milk may be caused by genetic factors which are shared with parental eczema to a greater extent than clinical reactivity to other foods.
Marten E van den Berg; Bertine M J Flokstra-de Blok; Berber J Vlieg-Boerstra; Marjan Kerkhof; Sicco van der Heide; Gerard H Koppelman; Dirkje S Postma; Anthony E J Dubois
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  International archives of allergy and immunology     Volume:  158     ISSN:  1423-0097     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9211652     Medline TA:  Int Arch Allergy Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  77-83     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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