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Parasitism by Ixodiphagus wasps (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Amblyomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in three regions of Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23356061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hymenopteran parasitoids have been shown to be of potential value in tick biocontrol. Tick parasitoids has been reported only once in Brazil, over 95 yr ago when Ixodiphagus hookeri (Howard) was reported parasitizing Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) nymphs in Rio de Janeiro. Herein, we report the occurrence of Ixodiphagus spp. in ticks from three different regions of Brazil. In the state of Maranhão, in northeastern Brazil, parasitoids were detected in R. sanguineus nymphs on three occasions, during August 2009 and September 2010 (dry season), and January 2011 (rainy season). All parasitoids found in northeastern Brazil were identified as I. hookeri. In the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (west-central Brazil), one Amblyomma sp. engorged nymph was shown to be parasitized by I. hookeri. In the state of Rondônia (northern Brazil), one Amblyomma sp. engorged nymph was parasitized by Ixodiphagus texanus (Howard). Because Ixodiphagus spp. are present in ecologically distinct and geographically distant areas of Brazil, they are of potential use for biocontrol in the country.
Authors:
Alberto J O Lopes; José R S Nascimento-Júnior; Cláudio G Silva; Angelo P Prado; Marcelo B Labruna; Livio M Costa-Júnior
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of economic entomology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0022-0493     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Econ. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985127R     Medline TA:  J Econ Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1979-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade Federal do Maranhão-UFMA, Chapadinha, MA, Brazil.
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