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The Paralympic athlete: a systematic review of the psychosocial literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22918904     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: There is a lack of knowledge of the psychosocial wellbeing and attributes of Paralympic athletes. Such knowledge may reveal what contributes to exceptional performance. Objectives: To systematically review the literature on psychosocial wellbeing and attributes of the Paralympic athlete. Study Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: Five key databases that index psychosocial literature were searched: CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SportsDiscus. Results: Sixteen papers were found that met the inclusion criteria. The studies were characterised by heterogeneity of design, sample characteristics, outcome assessment and outcomes examined. The emerging thematic areas are 1) participation, motivations and goals; 2) mental imagery; 3) stress and coping; 4) personality; 5) attitudes towards other disabled-bodied athlete groups; 6) knowledge and attitudes towards doping; and 7) transitions to retirement. Conclusions: Relative to the biomechanical aspects of the Paralympian, the psychosocial literature remains limited and diffuse. Nonetheless an understanding of the psychosocial profile of these athletes complements the extant physiological and technological knowledge in enabling a holistic view of what contributes to the successful Paralympic athlete and may facilitate the team working to optimize performance and wellbeing in these high-performing individuals. Clinical relevance An understanding of the psychological profile of the Paralympic athlete complements the extant physiological and technological knowledge in enabling a holistic view of what contributes to the successful athlete and may facilitate optimizing performance and wellbeing.
Authors:
Philip Jefferies; Pamela Gallagher; Simon Dunne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prosthetics and orthotics international     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1746-1553     ISO Abbreviation:  Prosthet Orthot Int     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707720     Medline TA:  Prosthet Orthot Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  278-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dublin City University, School of Nursing and Human Sciences, Dublin, Ireland.
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