Document Detail

Parallel pathways in the visual system: their role in perception at isoluminance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1944854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It has been proposed that the functions of the two major parallel channels of the primate visual system, the color-opponent and the broad-band, can be determined in psychophysical experiments by eliminating luminance but maintaining chrominance information (isoluminance), since under such conditions the broad-band channel is believed to be silenced. To test this proposition we examined the visual functions of monkeys after blocking either of these channels and we also assessed the responses of neurons to isoluminant stimuli in the lateral geniculate nucleus. We show that color, texture, stereopsis and pattern perception in the absence of the color-opponent channel, and flicker and motion perception in the absence of the broad-band channel are compromised. Yet isoluminance functions for stereopsis and texture in the absence of the broad-band channel and for motion in the absence of the color-opponent channel are indistinguishable from normal. Our recordings show that the neuronal responses of the broad-band cells for isoluminant exchange of red and green lights are reduced but not eliminated and that the color-opponent cells also become similarly less responsive under these conditions. We conclude that perceptual losses at isoluminance are not specific for either channel.
P H Schiller; N K Logothetis; E R Charles
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychologia     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0028-3932     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychologia     Publication Date:  1991  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-11-29     Completed Date:  1991-11-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0020713     Medline TA:  Neuropsychologia     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-41     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.
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MeSH Terms
Attention / physiology*
Brain Mapping
Color Perception / physiology
Depth Perception / physiology
Flicker Fusion / physiology
Geniculate Bodies / physiology*
Motion Perception / physiology
Neurons / physiology
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology
Retina / physiology*
Sensory Thresholds / physiology
Visual Cortex / physiology*
Visual Pathways / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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