Document Detail


Paracoccidioidomycosis and AIDS: an overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8589154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The scarcity of reported cases of paracoccidioidomycosis and AIDS remains unexplained. We review the details of the 27 cases reported in the medical literature. Paracoccidioidomycosis occurs in patients with advanced AIDS who are not receiving prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, which is also effective against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Clinical manifestations include prolonged fever, weight loss, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, and skin rash. Diagnosis can often be made by direct microscopic examination and culture of the fungus from skin and lymph node specimens and occasionally from sputum, blood, spinal fluid, and bone marrow specimens. Since antibodies to P. brasiliensis are occasionally detected, the diagnosis should not be ruled out for patients whose serology is negative. Despite specific therapy with different regimens, the overall mortality of paracoccidioidomycosis among patients with AIDS is high (30%). The prognosis can be improved by earlier diagnosis and aggressive therapy with amphotericin B, followed by lifelong immunosuppressive therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Health care providers caring for human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients who live or have resided in areas in which paracoccidioidomycosis is endemic must be aware of the possibility that this systemic mycosis may occur and have potentially severe consequences.
Authors:
L Z Goldani; A M Sugar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1058-4838     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  1995 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-03-27     Completed Date:  1996-03-27     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203213     Medline TA:  Clin Infect Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1275-81     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research, Boston University Medical Center Hospital, Massachusetts 02118, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / complications*,  diagnosis,  drug therapy
Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use
Humans
Paracoccidioidomycosis / complications*,  diagnosis,  drug therapy
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antifungal Agents
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Jun;22(6):1132-3   [PMID:  8783743 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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