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Panax notoginsenoside produces neuroprotective effects in rat model of acute spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22154967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acute spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury (SCII) is associated with pathological changes, including inflammation, edema, and neuronal apoptosis. Panax notoginsenoside (PNS), an important traditional Chinese medicine, has shown a variety of beneficial effects, including homeostasis maintenance, anti-myocardial ischemia activities, and neuroprotective functions. However, whether it can produce neuroprotective effects in SCII and the underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we investigated the effects of PNS on neurological and histopathological changes after SCII as well as the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four adult rats were randomly assigned into one of the four groups: the sham group, the ischemic group, the PNS group, and the Methylprednisolone group. A rat model of SCII was adopted from a commonly used protocol that was initially proposed by Zivin. Neurological function was evaluated with the Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale. Histopathological changes were examined with hematoxylin and eosin staining as well as Nissl staining. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were conducted to compare the changes in tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-10, aquaporin-4 (AQP-4), member 6 of the TNF receptor superfamily (Fas), and Fas ligand (FasL) in the spinal cord. Finally, neuronal apoptosis was measured by electron microscopy. RESULTS: The BBB scores of the PNS-treated injured animals were significantly increased. The gross histopathological examination showed restored neuronal morphology and increased number of neurons after the PNS treatment. The PNS treatment decreased SCII-induced up-regulation of cytokine levels. In addition, PNS suppressed the increased expression of AQP-4 after SCII, suggesting an anti-edema effect. Finally, PNS treatment inhibited injury-induced apoptosis and reduced the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins, Fas and FasL, confirming its anti-apoptosis effects against SCII. CONCLUSION: The current findings suggest that PNS produces robust neuroprotective effects in spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury, and this role may be mediated by its anti-inflammation, anti-edema, and anti-apoptosis actions.
Authors:
Ning Ning; Xiaoqian Dang; Chuanyi Bai; Chen Zhang; Kunzheng Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ethnopharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7573     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903310     Medline TA:  J Ethnopharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.157, Xiwu Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, China.
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