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Palliative care-related self-report problems among cancer patients in East Africa: a two-country study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24957003     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Palliative care-related problems have not been measured in Africa in line with the WHO definition. This study aimed to measure the three-day period intensity of multidimensional problems (physical, psychological, social, and spiritual) among advanced cancer patients in Kenya and Uganda.
METHODS: Adults with advanced malignant disease gave self-report data to the African Palliative Outcome Scale (POS).
RESULTS: Among 210 respondents, more than half had an underlying HIV diagnosis (51.9 %). The worst ranked POS items were pain and information. In three multivariable ordinal logistic regression models with the 3 POS factors as dependent variables, for the first model (factor 1 physical and psychological well-being), as age increased, the well-being also improved (B = 0.022, p = 0.037), and as physical function score worsened, factor score also worsened (B = -0.685, p < 0.001). In the second model (factor 2 interpersonal well-being), a trend toward significance was found for gender, with being male predicting a higher (better) factor score (B = 0.502, p = 0.067). For the third model (factor 3 existential and spiritual), increasing age was predictive of higher (better) factor score (B = 0.023, p = 0.032), and worsening function was predictive of lower (worse) factor score (B = -0.543, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: This novel data revealed pain and information to plan for the future to affect patients most severely, underlining the importance of analgesia and social support. HIV infection did not affect the level of need. Our data suggest increasing need as function declines; therefore, home-based models with adequate family support are essential.
Authors:
Richard Harding; Richard A Powell; Eve Namisango; Anne Merriman; Nancy Gikaara; Zipporah Ali; Irene J Higginson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7339     ISO Abbreviation:  Support Care Cancer     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9302957     Medline TA:  Support Care Cancer     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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