Document Detail

Pain response in Chinese and non-Chinese Canadian infants: is there a difference?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10832566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was designed to compare the behavioural pain responses of 2-month-old Canadian-born Chinese babies receiving a routine immunization to those of non-Chinese infants in similar situations. Two groups of 26 infants were obtained from a pediatric clinic held by a Chinese pediatrician and a suburban pediatric practice of a large Canadian city. Facial expression using the Neonatal Facial Coding System (Grunau, R.V.E., Craig, K.D., 1987. Pain expression in neonates: facial action and cry. Pain, 28, 395-410.) and cry using the Fast Fourier Transform were measured during 30 s following the insertion of the needle. Acculturation in Chinese mothers, circadian rhythm, gender, height and weight in infants were assessed. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed significant differences in pain response between these two groups with the Chinese babies showing greater response. No significant effect of circadian rhythm and gender was identified. These results suggest the presence of differences in acute pain response in relation to culture by at least 2 months of age.
C Rosmus; C C Johnston; A Chan-Yip; F Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-30     Completed Date:  2000-08-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Paediatric Pain Management, IWK Grace Health Centre for Women, Children and Families, Halifax, NS, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Asian Americans*
Child Development
China / ethnology
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Facial Expression
Multivariate Analysis
Pain / ethnology*

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