Document Detail

Pain after shoulder arthroscopy: a prospective study on 231 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21458397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder arthroscopy is reputed to be painful, but progression of postoperative pain after this type of surgery has never been described and analyzed. This study had a triple objective: the description, search for risk factors, and analysis of the long-term impact of postoperative pain.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This continuous prospective series includes 231 patients who underwent arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Pain was evaluated from D-1 to D3, then at D7, D30, and 1 year. Three pain criteria were noted: visual analog scale (VAS), morphine intake, and satisfaction with pain management. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia and/or interscalene block. A local anesthetic complement was administered in one of four modes: single subacromial injection, subacromial catheter, intra-articular catheter, or no complement.
RESULTS: The VAS values remained less than 4 out of 10 during the entire study. Immediate postoperative pain was less than preoperative pain. It was followed by a pain bounce on D1 and D2 and did not return to a level significantly lower than its preoperative value until D30. Rotator cuff repair is the most painful surgery in the first postoperative days. The main risk factor for pain is a work related accident or occupational disease, associated with higher VAS values from D1 to 1 year and greater morphine intake. There was no correlation between immediate postoperative and 1-year VAS values.
DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION: Pain after shoulder arthroscopy is relatively low and the efficacy of the intervention is long-lasting in terms of pain symptom. A pain bounce appears on D1, which must be taken into account, notably in the context of outpatient surgery. The use of local anesthesia is therefore advantageous. Despite the efficacy of postoperative pain relief protocols, their effect on longer term perspective was not demonstrated.
Y Stiglitz; O Gosselin; J Sedaghatian; F Sirveaux; D Molé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR     Volume:  97     ISSN:  1877-0568     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-04     Completed Date:  2011-11-15     Revised Date:  2014-11-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101494830     Medline TA:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Arthroscopy / adverse effects*
Follow-Up Studies
France / epidemiology
Joint Diseases / surgery*
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement
Pain, Postoperative*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Shoulder Joint / surgery*
Shoulder Pain / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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