Document Detail


PTSD's latent structure in Malaysian tsunami victims: Assessing the newly proposed Dysphoric Arousal model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23017656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The underlying latent structure of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is widely researched. However, despite a plethora of factor analytic studies, no single model has consistently been shown as superior to alternative models. The two most often supported models are the Emotional Numbing and the Dysphoria models. However, a recently proposed five factor Dysphoric Arousal model has been gathering support over and above existing models. Data for the current study were gathered from Malaysian Tsunami survivors (N=250). Three competing models (Emotional Numbing/Dysphoria/Dysphoric Arousal) were specified and estimated using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The Dysphoria model provided superior fit to the data compared to the Emotional Numbing model. However, using chi-square difference tests, the Dysphoric Arousal model proved superior fit compared to both the Emotional Numbing and Dysphoria models. In conclusion, the current results suggest that the Dysphoric Arousal model better represents PTSD's latent structure and that items measuring sleeping difficulties, irritability/anger and concentration difficulties form a separate, unique PTSD factor. These results are discussed in relation to the role of Hyperarousal with PTSD's on-going symptom maintenance and in relation to the DSM-5.
Authors:
Cherie Armour; Siti Raudzah Ghazali; Ask Elklit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7123     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Res     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
The National Centre for Psychotraumatology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. Electronic address: armour.cherie@gmail.com.
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