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PTCA with drug-coated balloons is associated with immediate decrease of coronary flow reserve.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23361864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION: Drug-coated balloons (DCB) are being increasingly used in interventional cardiology. The effect of DCB on acute changes of coronary flow reserve (CFR) has never been reported. METHODS: Patients with in-stent restenosis or with contraindication for use of clopidogrel were included in this study. The FloWire was used to assess CFR before and immediately after conventional balloon angioplasty and after the use of In.Pact, a paclitaxel-coated balloon. In a sub-selection of patients, CFR was measured immediately and then 2, 5, and 10 min post-DCB. RESULTS: Thirty patients (18 males, 60%) with a total of 32 lesions were studied. Comparison of CFR pre- and post-conventional balloon angioplasty was not statistically significant (P = 0.95). CFR dropped significantly after the use of In.Pact (n = 32, 1.59 ± 0.49 vs. 1.22 ± 0.28, P < 0.0001) and showed a statistically significant improvement over 10 min in a subset of patients (n = 6, P = 0.01). Implantation of a coronary stent after the use of In.Pact rapidly improved CFR (n = 10, P = 0.0004). CONCLUSIONS: We describe a novel phenomenon of acute decrease in CFR after the use of DCB. This phenomenon is temporary and spontaneously improves after approximately 10 min. The exact pathophysiological mechanism remains unclear and further studies are warranted to study the long-term effects of acute CFR drop after use of DCB. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Mabelle Young; Florim Cuculi; Paul Erne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-726X     ISO Abbreviation:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100884139     Medline TA:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Cardiology, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland.
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