Document Detail

The PPET Study: people and pets exercising together.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17062806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a significant public health problem that is affecting people and their pets. The human-companion animal bond and the role of pets in providing social support provides a rationale framework for studying the effectiveness of a combined people and pets (PP) exercising together (PPET) weight loss program. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-six pairs of overweight or obese people with an obese pet (PP) and 56 overweight or obese people only (PO) participated in a 1-year prospective controlled weight loss study. In a group format, people received dietary and physical activity counseling, and dogs were fed a calorie-controlled prescription diet. Physical activity was recorded using the physical activity recall questionnaire. RESULTS: Completion rates at 1 year were 61% for the PP group and 58% for the PO group. Mean weight losses at 12 months using last observation carried forward were 4.7% (PP) and 5.2% (PO). Mean weight loss among the dogs was 15%. Time spent in physical activity increased in both groups to 3.9 (PP) and 3.5 (PO) h/wk. Two-thirds of total physical activity in the PP group was spent with the dogs. DISCUSSION: The PPET study is the first program to demonstrate the effectiveness of a combined PP weight loss program. This fresh approach to the dual obesity epidemic builds on the human-companion animal bond. Consideration of social support for weight loss of family members, friends, and coworkers should be extended to include pets.
Robert F Kushner; Dawn Jackson Blatner; Dennis E Jewell; Kimberly Rudloff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1930-7381     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-25     Completed Date:  2006-12-26     Revised Date:  2008-01-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1762-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wellness Institute, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, 150 East Huron, Suite 1100, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Domestic*
Body Mass Index
Bonding, Human-Pet*
Caloric Restriction
Diet, Reducing
Exercise / physiology*
Health Promotion / methods
Middle Aged
Obesity / physiopathology,  therapy*
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Weight Loss / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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