Document Detail


PCB loading from sediment in the Hudson River: congener signature analysis of pathways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15260318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The upper Hudson River (NY) was subjected to massive PCB contamination over a period of three decades. A large inventory of PCBs remains in contaminated sediments of the river, most notably in the Thompson Island Pool. During the summer, flow crossing the Thompson Island Pool exhibits a large and consistent PCB load gain. This load gain is not associated with scouring flows and is not accompanied by an increase in suspended solids. A variety of hypotheses have been proposed to explain this load gain, including flux of contaminated porewater and dissolution of unverified reservoirs of pure PCBs. A wealth of congener-specific PCB data is available for the site throughout the 1990s. Interpretation of the Thompson Island Pool load gain is facilitated by examination of the PCB congener signature of the gain and comparison to the signature of potential sources. This examination suggests that neither the flux of porewater nor the dissolution of unaltered Aroclors are the predominant source of the load gain. Instead, the congener signature is consistent with a mixed source consisting of porewater flux and non-scour flux of contaminated sediments. The non-scour sediment flux, which reaches a maximum in the beginning of the summer growing season, is likely driven by a variety of biological and anthropogenic processes, including bioturbation by benthic organisms, bioturbation by demersal fish, scour by propwash, mechanical scour by boats and floating debris in nearshore areas, and uprooting of macrophytes.
Authors:
Jonathan B Butcher; Edward A Garvey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-20     Completed Date:  2004-10-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3232-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tetra Tech, Inc., P.O. Box 14409, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA. jon.butcher@tetratech.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cities
Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Pollutants / analysis*
Fishes
Geologic Sediments / chemistry*
Invertebrates
New York
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*,  chemistry*,  metabolism
Seasons
Ships
Water Movements
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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