Document Detail

PAPP-A and IGFBP-4 fragment levels in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with heparin and PCI.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25489725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: Circulating levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) predict outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Unfortunately, administration of heparin to patients with ACS increases circulating PAPP-A, probably by a detachment of PAPP-A from cell surfaces, inducing a considerable bias when using PAPP-A as a biomarker. It remains unknown whether PAPP-A-derived N- and C-terminal fragments of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (NT-IGFBP-4/CT-IGFBP-4) are acutely affected by the increase in PAPP-A.
METHODS: We prospectively included 78 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Prior to PCI, patients were injected with 10,000IU of unfractionated heparin (UFH). Blood samples were collected immediately before PCI, but after UFH-injection, immediately after PCI and on day 1 and day 2. Plasma IGFBP-4, CT-IGFBP-4 and NT-IGFBP-4 levels were determined by specific, novel immunoassays, and PAPP-A and IGF-I by commercial immunoassays.
RESULTS: Plasma PAPP-A was strongly elevated upon STEMI, UFH-administration and PCI with mean concentrations (95%-confidence interval) pre-PCI, post-PCI, day 1, and day 2 of 13.0 (11.2;15.2), 14.8 (13.1;16.8), 1.03 (0.90;1.18), and 1.08 (0.92;1.28) μg/l, respectively (p<0.0001). Pre-PCI concentrations of IGFBP-4, CT-IGFBP-4 and NT-IGFBP-4 were 154 (142;166), 53 (47;60) and 136 (122;150) μg/l, and levels were unaltered post-PCI. Concentrations increased on day 1 by 63 (43;87)%, 69 (36;110)%, and 47 (21;79)%, respectively (p<0.0001), i.e. at a time point when PAPP-A levels had normalized.
CONCLUSION: Plasma IGFBP-4-fragment levels are not acutely altered in patients with STEMI treated with UFH and PCI. Thus, they possess potentials as prognostic markers in ACS patients.
Rikke Hjortebjerg; Søren Lindberg; Søren Hoffmann; Jan S Jensen; Claus Oxvig; Mette Bjerre; Jan Frystyk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2933     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0133660     Medline TA:  Clin Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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