Document Detail

P wave dispersion on 12-lead electrocardiography in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10914366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prolongation of intraatrial and interatrial conduction time and the inhomogeneous propagation of sinus impulses have been shown in patients with atrial fibrillation. Recently P wave dispersion (PWD), which is believed to reflect inhomogeneous atrial conduction, has been proposed as being useful for the prediction of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Ninety consecutive patients (46 men, 44 women; aged 55 +/- 13 years) with a history of idiopathic PAF and 70 healthy subjects (42 men, 28 women; mean age 53 +/- 14 years) were studied. The P wave duration was calculated in all 12 leads of the surface ECG. The difference between the maximum and minimum P wave duration was calculated and this difference was defined as P wave dispersion (PWD = Pmax-Pmin). All patients and controls were also evaluated by echocardiography to measure the left atrial diameter and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). There was no difference between patients and controls in gender (P = 0.26), age (P = 0.12), LVEF (66 +/- 4% vs 67 +/- 5%, P = 0.8) and left atrial diameter (36 +/- 4 mm vs 34 +/- 6 mm, P = 0.13). P maximum duration was found to be significantly higher in patients with a history of PAF (116 +/- 17 ms) than controls (101 +/- 11 ms, P < 0.001). P wave dispersion was also significantly higher in patients than in controls (44 +/- 15 ms vs 27 +/- 10 ms, P < 0.001). There was a weak correlation between age and P wave dispersion (r = 0.27, P < 0.001). A P maximum value of 106 ms separated patients with PAF from control subjects with a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 72%, and a positive predictive accuracy of 79%. A P wave dispersion value of 36 ms separated patients from control subjects with a sensitivity of 77%, a specificity of 82%, and a positive predictive accuracy of 85%. In conclusion, P maximum duration and P wave dispersion calculated on a standard surface ECG are simple ECG markers that could be used to identify the patients with idiopathic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
K Aytemir; N Ozer; E Atalar; E Sade; S Aksöyek; K Ovünç; A Oto; F Ozmen; S Kes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-01     Completed Date:  2000-12-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1109-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Atrial Fibrillation / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Case-Control Studies
Electrocardiography* / methods
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
ROC Curve
Sensitivity and Specificity

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