Document Detail


Oxytocin versus sustained-release dinoprostone vaginal pessary for labor induction of unfavorable cervix with Bishop score ≥4 and ≤6: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23167718     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of high-dose intravenous oxytocin and sustained-release dinoprostone vaginal pessaries for cervical ripening and labor induction in pregnant patients at term with poor Bishop scores. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women at term with a Bishop score ≥4 and ≤6 were randomized into two groups to undergo induction of labor with either high-dose oxytocin administered intravenously (n = 90) or dinoprostone-only vaginal pessary without oxytocin augmentation (n = 90). The main outcome measures were rate of cesarean delivery, induction to delivery interval, number of deliveries achieved within 4, 8, 12, and 16 h of labor induction, maternal complications during induction, fetal outcome, and total hospital stay. In this study, per-protocol analysis was performed. RESULTS: There were fewer cesarean deliveries with oxytocin compared to dinoprostone-only groups (7/79 vs 14/89); however, the difference was not statistically significant. The induction-delivery intervals (7.9 h vs 12.0 h, P < 0.001; and 5.7 vs 10.4 h, P < 0.001; oxytocin vs dinoprostone-only for primiparous and multiparous patients, respectively) were significantly shorter in oxytocin-induced patients compared to dinoprostone-only. A significantly higher percentage of patients delivered in the oxytocin group compared to the dinoprostone-only group in 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 h. CONCLUSION: Intravenous oxytocin is effective to stimulate labor at term for patients with Bishop scores ≥4 and ≤6, with a shorter time interval from induction to vaginal delivery.
Authors:
Onder Koc; Bülent Duran; Safak Ozdemirci; Mustafa Albayrak; Ummugulsum Koc
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1447-0756     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612761     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2012 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu.
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