Document Detail


Oxysophoridine through Intrathecal Injection Induces Antinociception and Increases the Expression of the GABAAα1 Receptor in the Spinal Cord of Mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22532023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our researches in recent years have shown that oxysophoridine (OSR), an alkaloid extracted from Siphocampylus verticillatus, presents antinociception through systemic and intracerebroventricular (icv) administration, and that OSR can also increase the GABA-immunopositive cells number in the central nervous system in rats. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antinociception produced by OSR administered spinally, the interaction between OSR and GABAA receptor (GABAAR) agonists or antagonists on acute thermal nociceptive models (tail-flick test), and the possible alterations on the mRNA and protein expression of GABAAα1 receptors in the spinal cord. ICR mice were tested for their tail withdrawal response to thermal stimulation (tail-flick test). Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot were used to inspect the influence of OSR administered by intrathecal injection (i. t.) on mRNA and protein expression of the GABAAα1 receptor in mice spinal cord by the formalin test. The experiments showed that OSR (0.13-0.25 mg/site, i. t.) significantly increased the tail withdrawal threshold with a peak effect of 68.35 % MPE at 20 min (p < 0.01). When OSR (0.06 mg/site, i. t.) was administered with gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) (30.0 µg/site, icv) or muscimol (MUS) (0.10 µg/site, icv), the value of tail-flick latency was remarkably larger than with OSR alone (at 10 min, 45.67 % or 31.45 %, p < 0.01). Picrotoxin (PTX) and bicuculine (BIC) can significantly antagonize the antinociception of OSR. OSR (0.25 mg/site, i. t.) can increase the expression of mRNA and protein of the GABAAα1 receptor in the spinal cord (L5-L6). The results reveal that i. t. administered OSR presents effective antinociception whose action is mainly located in the spinal cord. The antinociception of OSR results from the activation of the GABAA receptor and from the regulation of the GABAAα1 receptor-mediated neurotransmission.
Authors:
Guang Yang; Jinxian Gao; Yuexia Jia; Lin Yan; Jianqiang Yu; Yuanxu Jiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Planta medica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0221     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066751     Medline TA:  Planta Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China.
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