Document Detail

Oxygen uptake efficiency slope: an index of exercise performance and cardiopulmonary reserve requiring only submaximal exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10898434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate, in adults, the efficacy of the Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope (OUES), an index of cardiopulmonary functional reserve that can be based upon a submaximal exercise effort. BACKGROUND: Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2,max), the most reliable measure of exercise capacity, is seldom attained in standard exercise testing. The OUES, which relates oxygen uptake to total ventilation during exercise, was proposed by Baba and coworkers (7) in a study of pediatric cardiac patients. They felt this submaximal index of cardiopulmonary reserve might be more practical than VO2max and more appropriate than the commonly used peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak). METHODS: Treadmill exercise tests with simultaneous respiratory gas measurement were performed in 998 older subjects free of clinically recognized cardiovascular disease and 12 male patients with congestive heart failure. During incremental exercise, oxygen uptake was plotted against the logarithm of total ventilation, and the OUES was determined. RESULTS: The OUES, when calculated only from the first 75% of the exercise test, differed by 1.9% from the OUES calculated from 100% of exercise time in subjects with a peak respiratory exchange rate > or =1.10. On serial tests the OUES was less variable than exercise duration or VO2 peak. It correlated strongly with VO2max, with forced expiratory volume in 1 s and negatively with a history of current smoking. The OUES declined linearly with age in both women and men. A small sample of patients with congestive heart failure had OUES values much lower than those of older subjects without cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS: The OUES is an objective, reproducible measure of cardiopulmonary reserve that does not require a maximal exercise effort. It integrates cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and respiratory function into a single index that is largely influenced by pulmonary dead space ventilation and exercise-induced lactic acidosis.
M Hollenberg; I B Tager
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-01     Completed Date:  2000-08-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  194-201     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, University of California, and the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Breath Tests
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Forced Expiratory Volume
Heart / physiology*
Heart Failure / physiopathology*
Lung / physiology*
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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