Document Detail

Oxygen free radical injury and Gs mediated signal transduction in the stunned porcine myocardium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1332826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate involvement of oxygen free radicals and any changes in the Gs mediated beta adrenergic signalling system of stunned porcine myocardium. METHODS: Myocardial stunning was induced in eight pentobarbitone anaesthetised pigs by brief occlusions of the distal left anterior descending coronary artery for periods of up to 10 min. Segment length function was measured in the ischaemic region and in a control region supplied by the circumflex artery. Left ventricular biopsies were obtained from the two regions 1 h after the last occlusion for ultrastructural and biochemical studies. Timolol has been used to prevent arrhythmia during ischaemia. RESULTS: At the time when biopsies were obtained, percent systolic shortening was reduced to 58% in the region subjected to ischaemia and was only minimally reduced in the control region. In the biopsies from the stunned region: (1) electron microscopy showed mild and reversible intracellular changes in the stunned myocardium; (2) the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were decreased by 66% and 52%, respectively; (3) the content of malondialdehyde was increased by 49%; (4) neither density nor affinity of beta adrenoceptors showed any changes; (5) there were no alterations in messenger RNA encoding for the alpha subunit of the stimulatory guanine nucleotide binding protein (Gs), demonstrated by northern and dot-blot hybridisations; (6) ELISA technique utilising a specific antipeptide antibody showed no quantitative change in Gs; (7) the activity of adenyl cyclase was unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Even though the stunned porcine myocardium showed substantial evidence of free radical injury, the beta adrenergic signalling system was intact.
L X Fu; A Ilebekk; K A Kirkeben; G Aksnes; F Waagstein; C H Bergh; J Hoebeke; Q M Liang; A Hjalmarson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular research     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0008-6363     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Res.     Publication Date:  1992 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-12-30     Completed Date:  1992-12-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0077427     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  449-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wallenberg Laboratory, Sahlgren's Hospital, University of Göteborg, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Adenylate Cyclase / metabolism
Binding Sites
Free Radicals / metabolism*
Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism
Isoproterenol / metabolism
Malondialdehyde / metabolism
Myocardium / metabolism*
RNA, Messenger / analysis
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta / metabolism*
Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Free Radicals; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, beta; 542-78-9/Malondialdehyde; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol; 7782-44-7/Oxygen; EC Peroxidase; EC Dismutase; EC Cyclase

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