Document Detail


Oxygen exchange and vascular resistance in the totally perfused rainbow trout.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  645939     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A whole trout preparation (Salmo gairdneri) externally ventilated with water and internally perfused with artificial medium via a cardiac pump is discribed for the study of O2 exchange and vascular resistance. As cardiac output (Q) was raised, ventral and dorsal aortic pressures increased while branchial (Rg) and systemic (Rs) vascular resistances fell, reflecting considerable passive distensibility. Arterial oxygenation was negative at low Qs due to significant internal O2 demand by the gill tissue, but increased to zero or positive values at intermediate Qs, and eventually declined at high Qs because of transit time limitation. O2 uptake from the ventilatory flow rose with increasing Q. Epinephrine (10(-5) M) decreased Rg, increased Rs, and enhanced arterial oxygenation. Artificial elevation of dorsal aortic pressure decreased Rg but did not affect arterial oxygenation. A 10-fold elevation of ventilatory flow increased arterial oxygenation but did not alter Rg or Rs. Endogenous metabolism of branchial tissue accounted for 11.7% of resting O2 uptake in vivo, and comprised an internal component taking O2 from perfusion flow and an external component drawing O2 from ventilatory flow.
Authors:
C M Wood; B R McMahon; D G McDonald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  234     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1978 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-06-28     Completed Date:  1978-06-28     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R201-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cardiac Output
Epinephrine / pharmacology
Oxygen Consumption* / drug effects
Perfusion
Salmonidae / physiology*
Trout / physiology*
Vascular Resistance* / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-43-4/Epinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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