Document Detail


Oxygen delivery during endobronchial anaesthesia: a comparison of halothane-oxygen and nitrous oxide-oxygen.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7158266     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Total oxygen delivery (cardiac output X arterial oxygen content) and oxygen consumption were determined in 22 patients undergoing one-lung ventilation (OLV) during thoracotomy. In 11 patients, anaesthesia was maintained with halothane-oxygen and in another 11 patients with nitrous oxide-oxygen-analgesic combination (FIO2 0.5). During OLV, oxygen delivery was greater in the halothane group and these patients tended to show a decrease in oxygen consumption compared with the patients of the nitrous oxide group. Therefore, as far as total oxygen balance (oxygen delivery/oxygen consumption) during OLV is concerned, halothane-oxygen maintenance provides a greater margin of safety than nitrous oxide-oxygen-analgesic combination. However, in spite of occasional hypoxaemic episodes, none of our patients receiving 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen showed an oxygen delivery coefficient (oxygen delivery/oxygen consumption) significantly smaller than the predicted normal value for an unanaesthetized patient. This finding may explain why this anaesthetic technique has been used without apparent harm during OLV in patients with unimpaired cardiovascular function.
Authors:
M Aalto-Setälä; J Heinonen
Related Documents :
8296736 - Frequency of inclusion of patients with cardiogenic shock in trials of thrombolytic the...
17205406 - Changes in pulse oximetry levels and factors affecting oxygen saturation during routine...
17853306 - Topical pimecrolimus: a new horizon for vitiligo treatment?
10270476 - Definitive criteria for prescribing home oxygen systems.
14509156 - Detection of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor receptor (c-met) and muc1 from the...
12819536 - Assessments of chronodispersion and tacheodispersion of f waves in patients with spinal...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0001-5172     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  1982 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-03-17     Completed Date:  1983-03-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  550-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia / methods*
Bronchi
Cardiac Output
Female
Halothane*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nitrous Oxide*
Oxygen / administration & dosage*,  blood
Oxygen Consumption
Respiration, Artificial / methods*
Thoracic Surgery*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10024-97-2/Nitrous Oxide; 151-67-7/Halothane; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Oxygen uptake, plasma catecholamines and cardiac output during neurolept-nitrous oxide and halothane...
Next Document:  Influence of ketamine on non-pregnant uterus in vivo.