Document Detail


Oxygen delivery and consumption during hypothermia and rewarming in the dog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2310033     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Changes in oxygen consumption (VO2) and oxygen delivery (DO2) were compared in three groups of paralyzed, sedated dogs: 1) a group (n = 5) cooled to 29 degrees C and immediately rewarmed to 37 degrees C; 2) a group (n = 5) cooled to and maintained at 29 degrees C for 24 h, and then rewarmed; and 3) a group (n = 5) maintained at 37 degrees C for 24 h. During the cooling phase, in both the acute and prolonged hypothermia animals, VO2 and DO2 decreased significantly from control values (P less than 0.05). The decrease in DO2 occurred as a result of a similar decrease in cardiac index (CI; P less than 0.05) that was associated with a significant increase in systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI; P less than 0.05). Arteriovenous oxygen content difference (C(a-v)O2), O2 extraction ratio, mixed venous oxygen tension (PVO2), pH, and base deficit (BD) were not different from control values even during prolonged hypothermia. Normothermic control dogs also demonstrated a significant decrease in CI (P less than 0.05) at 24 h. Surface rewarming increased VO2 back to control values in the acute hypothermia group and to values above control (P less than 0.05) in the prolonged hypothermia group. DO2 remained below control in both groups, resulting in a significant increase in O2 extraction (P less than 0.05) and a decrease in PVO2 (P less than 0.05) in the prolonged hypothermia animals. Following rewarming administration of sodium nitroprusside returned DO2, CI, and SVRI to control values but did not increase VO2. All animals survived the study without need for inotropic support.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
J P Morray; E G Pavlin
Related Documents :
2227133 - Relationship between blood pressure and urinary albumin excretion in development of mic...
18167203 - Effectiveness and safety of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation for severe hyperc...
21957413 - Negative pressure pulmonary edema revisited: pathophysiology and review of management.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0003-3022     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  1990 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-05     Completed Date:  1990-04-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle 98195.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cardiac Output / physiology
Dogs
Hot Temperature*
Hypothermia, Induced*
Oxygen / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption*
Time Factors
Vascular Resistance / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The effects of volatile anesthetics on Ca++ mobilization in rat hepatocytes.
Next Document:  Myocardial ischemia in a canine model of pulmonary hypertension and right coronary artery stenosis.