Document Detail


Oxygen uptake response to stroke rate manipulation in freestyle swimming.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20195179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the manipulation of stroke rate on V˙O2 in submaximal, constant speed freestyle swimming.
METHODS: Preferred stroke rate for swimming freestyle at 1.0 m·s(-1) in a flume was determined for 10 competitive swimmers (mean ± SD: age = 33.3 ± 13.6 yr, height = 175.3 ± 8.6 cm, weight = 74.9 ± 12.2 kg). Participants then completed flume swims at 1.0 m·s(-1) with stroke rates equal to -20%, -10%, 0%, +10%, and +20% of their preferred stroke rate in a randomized order during which V˙O2 was continuously monitored. Each trial continued for 1 min after steady-state V˙O2 was verified (∼4-5 min). During the final minute of each trial, V˙O2 was measured using the Douglas bag technique, HR was recorded, and kick rate (KR) was computed using the time needed to complete 30 kicks. RPE was reported immediately after each trial.
RESULTS: V˙O2 increased 11%-16% (P < 0.05) when stroke rate was reduced but was nominally affected when stroke rate was increased. Likewise, HR increased 4%-6% (P < 0.05), and RPE increased 15%-30% (P < 0.05) when stroke rate was reduced but not affected when stroke rate was increased.
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that these swimmers preferred to swim freestyle at the lowest stroke rate (or the longest stroke length) that did not require an increase in V˙O2.
Authors:
Scott P McLean; Dean Palmer; Graham Ice; Martin Truijens; Jimmy C Smith
Related Documents :
8045849 - Effect of hypoxia and hyperoxia on human +gz duration tolerance.
16096839 - Association between regional quadriceps oxygenation and blood oxygen saturation during ...
11960959 - The human spleen as an erythrocyte reservoir in diving-related interventions.
8971949 - Clinical evaluation of the oxygenation capacity and controllability of 15 commercially ...
2801949 - Short-term perinatal 10% o2 alters postnatal development of lung alveoli.
9472819 - Heart rate and oxygen consumption of northern elephant seals during diving in the labor...
23969 - Metabolic modulation of neurotransmitter release--adenosine, adenine nucleotides, potas...
12056669 - Pituitary-adrenal and pituitary-thyroid hormone responses during exercise-cold exposure...
9694429 - Dehydration, rehydration and exercise in the heat: concluding remarks.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-21     Completed Date:  2011-01-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1909-13     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Kinesiology Department, Southwestern University, Georgetown, TX 78626, USA. mcleans@southwestern.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Athletes
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Swimming / physiology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Glossopharyngeal insufflation and pulmonary hemodynamics in elite breath hold divers.
Next Document:  Critical power: implications for determination of V?O2max and exercise tolerance.