Document Detail

Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) induces cell death in neuroblastoma and survival autophagy in schwannoma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20692253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) induces apoptosis or autophagy in dependence on the cell type. We here investigated the effect of oxLDL on the B104 neuroblastoma and RN22 schwannoma cells being popular in neuroscience research. Cells were cultivated with and without oxLDL. To generate oxLDL, we added 50 μg/ml nLDL and 50 μM CuSO(4) into the culture medium. After a 24-h-long treatment, oxLDL was detectable in media from both cell culture types and its concentration was approximately 16 μg/ml. In the oxLDL-treated B104 neuroblastoma cell cultures 75% cells died after the 24-h exposure. The intact cells showed impaired mitochondria at the ultrastructural level. Western blot analysis revealed the increased expression of AIF 57 kDa (AIF(57)) protein, as a sign of caspase-independent cell death. In RN22 schwannoma cell cultures, oxLDL did not have any effect on cleaved caspase-3 and AIF(57) protein levels indicating absence of cell death. Treated RN22 schwannoma cells underwent survival autophagy by forming conspicuous autophagosomes and by processing LC3-I into LC3-II protein. Collectively, oxLDL induces AIF-dependent cell death in B104 neuroblastoma cells whereas in RN22 schwannoma cells enhanced signs of survival autophagy are noted.
Marcin Nowicki; Heike Serke; Joanna Kosacka; Kerstin Müller; Katharina Spanel-Borowski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and molecular pathology     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1096-0945     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Mol. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370711     Medline TA:  Exp Mol Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  276-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
University of Leipzig, Institute of Anatomy, Liebigstrasse 13, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
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