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Oxidative stress and psoriasis: the effect of antitumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23614561     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition associated with a high frequency of cardiovascular events. Modifications of plasma lipids, and an increase in the levels of biochemical markers of inflammation and lipid peroxidation have been reported in subjects with psoriasis, suggesting a relationship between psoriasis, inflammation and oxidative damage. Objectives  To investigate whether modulation of inflammatory activity by tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitors in patients with psoriasis is associated with modification of lipid profiles, oxidative stress and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity. Methods  The levels of plasma lipids and lipoprotein(a), and the levels of the markers of inflammation and lipid peroxidation were evaluated in subjects with psoriasis (n = 23) before and after 24 weeks of treatment with etanercept. In the same subjects plasma total antioxidant capacity and the activity of PON1, an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory enzyme associated with the high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), were investigated. Results  The results showed that clinical improvement in patients with psoriasis treated with etanercept is associated with a reduction in the levels of inflammatory markers [C-reactive protein (CRP)] and lipid peroxidation, and also with increased antioxidant capacity in the serum of patients with psoriasis. These modifications are associated with a significant increase in the activity of PON1. A significant increase in the PON1/CRP ratio has also been observed in patients with psoriasis after treatment. The significant inverse correlation between CRP and PON1 activity suggests a relationship between PON1 activity and inflammation. Conclusions  Treatment with etanercept is associated with a reduction in lipid peroxidation and an improvement in HDL antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Authors:
T Bacchetti; A Campanati; G Ferretti; O Simonetti; G Liberati; A M Offidani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of dermatology     Volume:  168     ISSN:  1365-2133     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0004041     Medline TA:  Br J Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  984-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. BJD © 2012 British Association of Dermatologists.
Affiliation:
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences Dermatological Clinic, Department of Clinical Medicine and Applied Biotechnologies Department of Clinical Experimental Science and Odontostomatology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy.
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