Document Detail


Oxidative stress in midpregnancy as a predictor of gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16956336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between the levels of maternal oxidative stress and glycaemia during pregnancy and to compare the predictive values of 8-epimer of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-isoPGF(2alpha)) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in midpregnancy for the development of hypertensive complications in later pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective observational study as an ancillary study to the Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study. SETTING: Obstetric clinics and wards of a university teaching hospital in Hong Kong. POPULATION: Selected women with singleton pregnancies attending the antenatal clinic. METHODS: Pregnant women who met HAPO inclusion criteria were recruited for the study. Glucose tolerance was assessed by a 75-g 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 24-32 weeks of gestation. Fasting plasma samples for 8-isoPGF(2alpha) estimation and urine samples for 8-isoPGF(2alpha) and 2,3-dinor 8-isoPGF(2alpha) assays were collected and blood pressures measured during the OGTT visit. Random plasma and urine samples were also obtained at 34-37 weeks. Glucose results were unblinded to the attending obstetrician if limits preset under the HAPO protocol were met. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal plasma 8-isoPGF(2alpha) and urinary 8-isoPGF(2alpha) and 2,3-dinor 8-isoPGF(2alpha) both at the time of OGTT (24-32 weeks) and at 34-37 weeks of gestation. Incidence of pre-eclampsia and gestational hypertension. RESULTS: Of the 408 women who attended for OGTT at 24-32 weeks, two met the glucose criteria for unblinding and 25 had missing 8-isoPGF(2alpha) values and thus were excluded from analysis. Of the 381 women, 338 (88.7%) attended for random plasma samples at 34-37 weeks. Significant correlations were observed between maternal fasting plasma isoprostane and both fasting (r= 0.20; P < 0.001) and 2-hour (r= 0.39; P < 0.001) plasma glucose levels at the time of OGTT. Gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia occurred in 17 (4.2%) women, and at the time of OGTT, they had significantly higher fasting plasma 8-isoPGF(2alpha) (P < 0.001), urine 8-isoPGF(2alpha) (P < 0.005) and urine 2,3-dinor 8-isoPGF(2alpha) to creatinine ratios (P < 0.001), as well as higher MAP (P < 0.001) than women who remained normotensive. At 34-37 weeks, only random plasma 8-isoPGF(2alpha) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) among the women with gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma markers of oxidative stress were positively correlated with plasma glucose at the time of OGTT (24-32 weeks). Women who subsequently developed gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia had significantly higher plasma and urine markers of oxidative stress at the time of OGTT but only higher plasma markers at 34-37 weeks. Plasma 8-isoPGF(2alpha) appears to be a very good predictor of subsequent gestational hypertension/pre-eclampsia when measured at the time of OGTT, but its ability to discriminate deteriorates as pregnancy advances.
Authors:
M S Rogers; C C R Wang; W H Tam; C Y Li; K O Chu; C Y Chu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1470-0328     ISO Abbreviation:  BJOG     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-07     Completed Date:  2006-10-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100935741     Medline TA:  BJOG     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1053-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong. msrogers@cuhk.edu.hk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Dinoprost / analogs & derivatives,  metabolism
Female
Glucose Tolerance Test
Humans
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced / diagnosis*
Oxidative Stress / physiology*
Pre-Eclampsia / diagnosis*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Prenatal Diagnosis / methods
Prospective Studies
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-HD34242/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD34243/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 27415-26-5/8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha; 551-11-1/Dinoprost

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