Document Detail

Oxidative stress and autonomic dysregulation contribute to the acute time-dependent myocardial depressant effect of ethanol in conscious female rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24754626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: The molecular mechanisms of the acute hypotensive and indirectly assessed cardiac depressant effect of ethanol (EtOH)-evoked myocardial depression and hypotension in female rats are not known. We tested the hypothesis that a time-dependent myocardial depression caused by EtOH is initiated by its direct and indirect (cardiac vagal dominance) effects and is exacerbated by gradual development of oxidative stress.
METHODS: In conscious female rats, we directly measured left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), the maximal rise of ventricular pressure over time (dP/dtmax ), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and sympathovagal activity following intragastric EtOH (1 g/kg) or water over 90 minutes. Catalytic activity of acetaldehyde (ACA)-generating (alcohol dehydrogenase [ADH] and catalase) and eliminating aldehyde dehydrogenase [ALDH2] enzymes along with mediators of oxidative stress were measured in myocardial tissues collected at 30, 60, or 90 minutes after EtOH or water.
RESULTS: EtOH reduced myocardial function (LVDP and dP/dtmax ) within 5 to 10 minutes before the steady fall in BP in conscious proestrus rats. Further, EtOH shifted the sympathovagal balance, analyzed by spectral analysis of high frequency and low frequency of interbeat intervals, toward vagal dominance. Prior vagal blockade (atropine) or antioxidant (tempol) treatment attenuated EtOH-evoked myocardial depression and hypotension. Ex vivo studies revealed time-dependent: (i) enhancement of ADH, but not ALDH2 activity (indicative of elevated ACA levels), (ii) increases in phosphorylated Akt and ERK1/2, NADPH-oxidase activity, reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-modified proteins. These molecular responses along with reduced myocardial catalase activity were most evident at 90 minutes post-EtOH when the reductions in cardiac function and BP reached their nadir.
CONCLUSIONS: Vagal dominance and time-dependent myocardial oxidative stress along with the accumulation of cardiotoxic aldehydes mediate EtOH-evoked myocardial dysfunction and hypotension in conscious proestrus female rats.
Badr M Ibrahim; Ming Fan; Abdel A Abdel-Rahman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1530-0277     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707242     Medline TA:  Alcohol Clin Exp Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1205-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.
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