Document Detail


Oxidative stress as a mechanism of cardiac failure in chronic volume overload in canine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8729069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the effects of chronic volume overload in the absence or presence of vitamin E supplements on the cardiac function and contractility, cardiac malondialdehyde (MDA)--a lipid peroxidation product--cardiac antioxidant enzyme activity and antioxidant reserve in canine model. The dogs were divided into three groups of seven dogs each: group I, control; group II, mitral regurgitation (MR) of 4 months duration; and group III, MR of 4 months duration receiving vitamin E (40 U/kg/daily) orally. MR was created by detaching two or more chordae tendinae to raise left atrial pressure to 2.5 to three times normal. MR produced a decrease in the index of myocardial contractility with little change in myocardial function. Decrease in myocardial (left and right ventricles) contractility was associated with an increase in cardiac MDA, and a decrease in cardiac antioxidant reserve and antioxidant enzyme activity. Prevention of volume overload-induced decrease in myocardial contractility by vitamin E was associated with a decrease in cardiac MDA and an increase in cardiac antioxidant reserve and glutathione peroxidase activity towards control levels. Superoxide dismutase and catalase activity remained depressed in vitamin E-treated group. The results indicate that chronic volume overload decreases the contractility of both right and left ventricles and is associated with oxidative stress in both ventricles. These results support the hypothesis that oxygen free radicals are involved in the chronic volume overload-induced cardiac depression.
Authors:
K Prasad; J B Gupta; J Kalra; P Lee; S V Mantha; B Bharadwaj
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0022-2828     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-26     Completed Date:  1996-09-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0262322     Medline TA:  J Mol Cell Cardiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  375-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Antioxidants / metabolism
Cardiac Output, Low / enzymology,  physiopathology*
Cardiac Volume / drug effects,  physiology*
Chemiluminescent Measurements
Chronic Disease
Disease Models, Animal
Dogs
Female
Male
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects,  physiology*
Oxidative Stress / physiology*
Vitamin E / pharmacology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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