Document Detail

Oxidation of spruce wood sawdust by MnO(2) plus oxalate: a biochemical investigation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10898665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper reports the modification/degradation of lignin within spruce sawdust by manganese complexes formed by the association of MnO(2) and oxalate. The Mn oxidants formed are shown to modify both the chemical and physical properties of the wood cell wall. Scanning electron microscopy analysis of oxidized tracheids revealed a smoothing of the cell wall surface from the lumen side due to the removal of some material. Thioacidolysis analysis of the oxidized lignin showed reductions of up to 30% in the recovery of ether-linked guaiacyl monomers and up to 45% for the some dimers composing the polymer. The MnO(2)/oxalate system also slightly modified polysaccharides, corresponding to a 10% loss in weight of arabinose and glucose in the oxidized sample. However, no delignification occurred, according to the acid insoluble lignin content of spruce. Oxalic acid at pH 2.5 did not induce detectable changes in the chemical structures of the lignin or of the polysaccharides.
B Kurek; F Gaudard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-06     Completed Date:  2000-10-06     Revised Date:  2000-12-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3058-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unité de Physicochimie et Biotechnologie des Polymères (UPBP), équipe de Biochimie des Macromolécules Végétales, 2 esplanade Roland Garros, 51686 Reims Cedex 2, France.
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MeSH Terms
Manganese Compounds / metabolism*
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Models, Chemical
Oxalic Acid / metabolism*
Oxides / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Manganese Compounds; 0/Oxides; 1313-13-9/manganese dioxide; 144-62-7/Oxalic Acid

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