Document Detail

Oxalate nephropathy in a laboratory colony of common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) following the ingestion of Eucalyptus viminalis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21727186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Seven common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) from a laboratory colony of 17 died over a period of eight months. Death of six of these monkeys was attributed to kidney failure from an oxalate-induced nephropathy. The epidemiology of this outbreak suggested an exogenous source and there was strong evidence that the source was bark and leaves from an Eucalyptus viminalis tree. Branches of this tree were introduced one month before the first death. The branches were removed one month after deaths commenced, but deaths continued for another five months. Urinalysis of all surviving marmosets at 80 and 122 days after initial contact with the E viminalis branches suggested that these monkeys had renal impairment. In the cases described here, the eating behaviour of common marmosets apparently exposed the animals to toxic levels of oxalate in the bark and leaves of an E viminalis tree.
B A Vanselow; M K Pines; J J Bruhl; L J Rogers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2011-07-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  169     ISSN:  2042-7670     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-25     Completed Date:  2011-10-17     Revised Date:  2012-05-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  100     Citation Subset:  IM    
Industry and Investment NSW, Beef Industry Centre, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry
Animals, Laboratory
Eucalyptus / poisoning*
Fatal Outcome
Kidney Calculi / diagnosis,  etiology,  veterinary*
Kidney Diseases / diagnosis,  etiology,  veterinary*
Monkey Diseases / diagnosis,  etiology*
Oxalates / analysis,  metabolism
Plant Poisoning / diagnosis,  veterinary*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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