Document Detail

Overweight, obesity and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16751109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Since many years in adults associations between dyslipidaemia, increased insulin resistance, arterial hypertension and the risk for cardiovascular diseases have been recognized. It was the aim of the present trial to investigate these associations and interactions between height, weight, body-mass index and blood pressure values in overweight/obese and normal weight children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 172 children and adolescents (n = 86 with overweight and obesity, n = 86 controls) were studied. In all the subjects anthropometrical data and blood pressure values were assessed. RESULTS: Overweight and obese children had significantly higher blood pressure values (systolic 117.9 +/- 9.7, diastolic 75.6 +/- 8.8 mmHg) than control subjects (systolic 111.4 +/- 11.0, diastolic 69.5 +/- 8.8 mmHg, p<0.001/0.001). Additionally in overweight and obese subjects the number of patients with blood pressure values below the 50th percentile was lower, but the numbers of children and adolescents with values >or=50th age-, height- and gender-specific percentiles were significantly higher. In multivariate analysis of overweight/obese children and adolescents only patients' BMI (R-square = 0.26, beta = 0.52, p<0.001), but not sex, age, height or weight revealed any association with systolic blood pressure values. Diastolic blood pressure revealed an association with childrens' and adolescents' weight (R-square = 0.22, beta = 0.48, p<0.001), but there were no associations with body-mass index, sex, age or height. In normal weight control subjects age (beta = 0.32, p = 0.01) and height (beta = 0.28, p = 0.03) showed associations with the systolic blood pressure values (R-square = 0.15), but only childrens' and adolescents' height (beta = 0.39, p<0.001) was associated with diastolic blood pressure (R-square = 0.28). CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obesity in childhood are highly associated with multiple comorbidities, elevated blood pressure values, dyslipidaemia, reduced insulin sensitivity and alterations of large and minor vessels. Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents should not longer be regarded as variations of normality, but as diseases with an extremely high risk for the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular complications in adulthood. Knowledge of these complex associations implicate even in young age the need for intervention.
R Schiel; W Beltschikow; G Kramer; G Stein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of medical research     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0949-2321     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Med. Res.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-05     Completed Date:  2006-06-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9517857     Medline TA:  Eur J Med Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  97-101     Citation Subset:  IM    
Inselklinik Heringsdorf GmbH, Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Setheweg 11, D-17424 Seeheilbad Heringsdorf, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Body Height
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
Case-Control Studies
Hypertension / complications,  pathology,  physiopathology
Obesity / complications,  pathology,  physiopathology*
Overweight / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors

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