Document Detail


Overweight and obesity among Iranian female adolescents in Rasht: more overweight in the lower social group.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17411464     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the frequency of overweight and obesity among Iranian adolescent girls aged 14-17 years and its possible association with maternal education in Rasht city in 2005. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey on 1054 schoolgirls. SETTING: High schools in Rasht city, Iran. METHODS: A multistage sampling method was used and 1054 randomly selected schoolgirls were studied. Data on age and mother's years of schooling were collected by questionnaire and body weight and height were measured. Overweight and obesity were defined using age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) cut-off points proposed by the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF), and compared with 85th and 95th BMI percentile curves of the IOTF reference population, respectively. Data analyses included two groups based on mother's years of schooling: less educated ( < 12 years) and more educated ( > or = 12 years). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity in this population was 21.9 and 5.3%, respectively. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of overweight was higher for lower age group (odds ratio = 2.0, 95% confidence interval 0.18-3.09). Overweight was more common in girls with less educated mothers than in girls with more educated mothers (26.0 vs. 19.8%, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: These data indicate that overweight is highly prevalent among adolescent girls, especially in lower social groups in Rasht, and the rate is exceeding those reported in other parts of the country. Preventive strategies need to be adopted to combat the epidemic of overweight and obesity in this population.
Authors:
Mohsen Maddah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-06     Completed Date:  2007-06-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  450-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Human Nutrition, School of Public Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 41635-3197, Rasht, Iran. maddahm@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Age Factors
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status*
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Iran / epidemiology
Mothers / psychology*
Obesity / epidemiology*
Overweight*
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Social Class*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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