Document Detail


Overweight and obese boys reduce food intake in response to a glucose drink but fail to increase intake in response to exercise of short duration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22530879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of short duration exercise (EXR) on food intake (FI) and energy balance (EB) is not well understood in either normal weight (NW) or overweight (OW) and obese (OB) 9-14 years old children. Our purpose was to describe the effects of activity and a glucose drink on short term FI, appetite, and EB in NW, OW, and OB boys. Each boy received in random order either a noncaloric Sucralose sweetened control or glucose (1.0 g·kg(-1) body weight) drink 5 min after either exercise (EXR) or sedentary (SED) activity. Boys exercised for 15 min at their ventilation threshold (V(T)) in experiment 1 or at 25% above their V(T) in experiment 2. FI was measured at an ad libitum pizza meal 30 min after drink consumption. FI was lower after the glucose drink (p < 0.001) but not affected by activity, even though EXR increased appetite (p < 0.001). OW/OB boys ate more total food than NW boys (p = 0.020). EB over the duration of the experiments was reduced by EXR in OW/OB boys (p = 0.013) but not in NW boys in either experiment (p > 0.05). We conclude that intake regulation in OW/OB boys in response to a glucose drink is similar to NW boys, but it may be less responsive to activity.
Authors:
Shlomi Tamam; Nick Bellissimo; Barkha P Patel; Scott G Thomas; G Harvey Anderson
Related Documents :
23438229 - Influence of upper-body exercise order on hormonal responses in trained men.
3209549 - Muscle glycogen utilization during shivering thermogenesis in humans.
3547009 - Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance cycling performance.
12736189 - Glycogen availability does not affect the tca cycle or tan pools during prolonged, fati...
10824629 - The influence of reduced liver blood flow on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics ...
22642829 - Pre-cooling and sports performance: a meta-analytical review.
3752219 - Purposeful activity and performance.
3129999 - Time dependency of lupuslike anticoagulants.
12754729 - Determinants of physical activity and adherence to a 24-week home-based walking program...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-03     Completed Date:  2012-07-26     Revised Date:  2012-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  520-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Appetite / drug effects
Beverages*
Child
Eating / drug effects*
Energy Intake / drug effects
Exercise*
Feeding Behavior / drug effects
Glucose / pharmacology*
Humans
Male
Obesity
Overweight*
Physical Exertion
Satiety Response / drug effects
Sedentary Lifestyle
Sucrose / administration & dosage,  analogs & derivatives
Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage
Time
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MOP-82728//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sweetening Agents; 50-99-7/Glucose; 56038-13-2/trichlorosucrose; 57-50-1/Sucrose
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2012 Oct;37(5):1014-5; discussion 1016-7   [PMID:  22827511 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Socio-economic and ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school child...
Next Document:  Evaluation of the pharmacokinetics and clinical utility of isavuconazole for treatment of invasive...