Document Detail

Overweight and cardiovascular risk factors in 4- to 18-year-olds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20054184     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between overweight and high waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a secondary analysis of data from 1,944 participants of the 'National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4-18 years'. Blood pressure and blood lipid levels were compared in overweight versus non-overweight and high versus low waist circumference groups. Overweight was defined using international cut-offs for body mass index. High waist circumference was defined as >or= 91st percentile of UK waist circumference charts. Analyses were done separately by sex and age group (4-10 and 11-18 years for overweight, and 11-17 years for waist circumference). RESULTS: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and triacylglycerol, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC). Those who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the highest blood pressure, plasma LDLC and triacylglycerol, and the lowest plasma HDLC. CONCLUSION: Overweight and high waist circumference were associated with increased blood pressure and a less favourable lipid profile. Children who were both overweight and had a high waist circumference had the most unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile. Both measurements may be useful in identifying children with increased health risks.
Leone C A Craig; Joan Love; Brian Ratcliffe; Geraldine McNeill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity facts     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1662-4025     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes Facts     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-07     Completed Date:  2010-07-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101469429     Medline TA:  Obes Facts     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Liberty Safe Work Research Centre, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
Child, Preschool
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Cholesterol, LDL / blood
Great Britain / epidemiology
Overweight / epidemiology*
Risk Factors
Triglycerides / blood
Waist Circumference
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Cholesterol, LDL; 0/Triglycerides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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