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Overview of large animal myocardial infarction models (review).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23238539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There are several experimental models for the in vivo investigation of myocardial infarction (MI) in small (mouse, rat) and large animals (dog, pig, sheep and baboons). The application of large animal models raises ethical concerns, the design of experiments needs longer follow-up times, requiring proper breeding and housing conditions, therefore resulting in higher cost, than in vitro or small animal studies. On the other hand, the relevance of large animal models is very important, since they mostly resemble to human physiological and pathophysiological processes. The first main difference among MI models is the method of induction (open or closed chest, e.g. surgical or catheter based); the second main difference is the presence or absence of reperfusion. The former (i.e. reperfused MI) allows the investigation of reperfusion injury and new catheter based techniques during percutaneous coronary interventions, while the latter (i.e. nonreperfused MI) serves as a traditional coronary occlusion model, to test the effects of new pharmacological agents and biological therapies, as cell therapy. The reperfused and nonreperfused myocardial infarction has different outcomes, regarding left ventricular function, remodelling, subsequent heart failure, aneurysm formation and mortality. Our aim was to review the literature and report our findings regarding experimental MI models, regarding the differences among species, methods, reproducibility and interpretation.
Authors:
E Lukács; B Magyari; L Tóth; Zs Petrási; I Repa; A Koller; Iván Horváth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Hungarica     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0231-424X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol Hung     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309201     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Hung     Country:  Hungary    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Pécs Heart Institute, Medical School Pécs Hungary.
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