Document Detail


Overt cleft palate phenotype and TBX1 genotype correlations in velo-cardio-facial/DiGeorge/22q11.2 deletion syndrome patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome, also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome, with an estimated incidence of 1/2,000-1/4,000 live births. Approximately 9-11% of patients with this disorder have an overt cleft palate (CP), but the genetic factors responsible for CP in the 22q11DS subset are unknown. The TBX1 gene, a member of the T-box transcription factor gene family, lies within the 22q11.2 region that is hemizygous in patients with 22q11DS. Inactivation of one allele of Tbx1 in the mouse does not result in CP, but inactivation of both alleles does. Based on these data, we hypothesized that DNA variants in the remaining allele of TBX1 may confer risk to CP in patients with 22q11DS. To test the hypothesis, we evaluated TBX1 exon sequencing (n = 360) and genotyping data (n = 737) with respect to presence (n = 54) or absence (n = 683) of CP in patients with 22q11DS. Two upstream SNPs (rs4819835 and rs5748410) showed individual evidence for association but they were not significant after correction for multiple testing. Associations were not identified between DNA variants and haplotypes in 22q11DS patients with CP. Overall, this study indicates that common DNA variants in TBX1 may be nominally causative for CP in patients with 22q11DS. This raises the possibility that genes elsewhere on the remaining allele of 22q11.2 or in the genome could be relevant.
Authors:
Sean B Herman; Tingwei Guo; Donna M McDonald McGinn; Anna Blonska; Alan L Shanske; Anne S Bassett; Eva W C Chow; Mark Bowser; Molly Sheridan; Frits Beemer; Koen Devriendt; Ann Swillen; Jeroen Breckpot; M Cristina Digilio; Bruno Marino; Bruno Dallapiccola; Courtney Carpenter; Xin Zheng; Jacob Johnson; Jonathan Chung; Anne Marie Higgins; Nicole Philip; Tony Simon; Karlene Coleman; Damian Heine-Suner; Jordi Rosell; Wendy Kates; Marcella Devoto; Elaine Zackai; Tao Wang; Robert Shprintzen; Beverly S Emanuel; Bernice E Morrow;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of medical genetics. Part A     Volume:  158A     ISSN:  1552-4833     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med. Genet. A     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-19     Completed Date:  2013-06-21     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235741     Medline TA:  Am J Med Genet A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2781-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Base Sequence
Cleft Palate / complications*,  epidemiology,  genetics*
DiGeorge Syndrome / complications*,  genetics
Female
Gene Order
Genetic Association Studies*
Genotype*
Humans
Male
Phenotype*
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Prevalence
T-Box Domain Proteins / genetics*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL084410/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; P01 HD034980/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P01 HD070454/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P01HD070454/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HL084410/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/T-Box Domain Proteins; 0/TBX1 protein, human
Comments/Corrections

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