Document Detail

Overnutrition: an epidemic problem in pet animal practice?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2658284     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This review demonstrates that manufactured pet foods contain more than adequate levels of all the essential nutrients needed by normal dogs and cats. Under normal circumstances, therefore, it is completely unnecessary to supplement the rations of these animals with protein, energy, fatty acids, vitamins, or minerals. We have tried to show that, in addition to being unnecessary, supplementation of the rations of normal animals may be quite dangerous, leading to serious--indeed, sometimes fatal--clinical consequences. Pet food manufacturers have responded to newer information regarding increased requirements for specific nutrients such as taurine and potassium. Thus, supplements of these nutrients, as well, are unnecessary in the absence of specific clinical indications. As practitioners, we should be wary of beneficial effects claimed for nutritional supplements. Anecdotal comments, in particular, should be discounted completely. Objective data, including statistical evaluation demonstrating efficacy, should be demanded before accepting claims for such products. Finally, the use of nutritional supplements should be restricted to those cases in which specific clinical problems dictate their use.
F A Kallfelz; D A Dzanis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0195-5616     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract.     Publication Date:  1989 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-27     Completed Date:  1989-06-27     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809942     Medline TA:  Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Sciences, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca 14853.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / standards*
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Cats / physiology*
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Dogs / physiology*
Energy Intake
Food, Fortified / adverse effects*
Minerals / administration & dosage
Trace Elements / administration & dosage
Vitamins / administration & dosage,  toxicity
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Minerals; 0/Trace Elements; 0/Vitamins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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