Document Detail

Ovarian cancer screening in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial: findings from the initial screen of a randomized trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16260202     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer screening with transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) and CA-125 was evaluated in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Trial. STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial of screening versus usual care. Baseline screening results are reported. RESULTS: Of 39,115 women randomized to receive screening, 28,816 received at least 1 test. Abnormal TVU was found in 1338 (4.7%), and abnormal CA-125 in 402 (1.4%). Twenty-nine neoplasms were identified (26 ovarian, 2 fallopian, and 1 primary peritoneal neoplasm). Nine were tumors of low malignant potential and 20 were invasive. The positive predictive value for invasive cancer was 3.7% for an abnormal CA-125, 1.0% for an abnormal TVU, and 23.5% if both tests were abnormal. CONCLUSION: The effect of screening on ovarian cancer mortality in the PLCO cohort has yet to be evaluated and will require longer follow-up. Screening identified both early- and late-stage neoplasms, and the predictive value of both tests was relatively low.
Saundra S Buys; Edward Partridge; Mark H Greene; Philip C Prorok; Douglas Reding; Thomas L Riley; Patricia Hartge; Richard M Fagerstrom; Lawrence R Ragard; David Chia; Grant Izmirlian; Mona Fouad; Christine C Johnson; John K Gohagan;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  193     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-01     Completed Date:  2006-01-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1630-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-5550, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
CA-125 Antigen / blood*
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Ovarian Neoplasms / blood*,  ultrasonography*
Predictive Value of Tests
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Reg. No./Substance:
0/CA-125 Antigen
Erratum In:
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Dec;193(6):2183-4

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Uterine artery embolization versus hysterectomy in the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids (EM...
Next Document:  Endometrial cancer in women 45 years of age or younger: a clinicopathological analysis.