Document Detail

Outpatient electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: efficacy, safety and patients' quality of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16207541     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia. To lower costs and to reduce hospitalization electrical cardioversion (CV) is frequently performed in an outpatient setting although data on safety and patient-acceptance are sparse. Aims of this study were to fill this gap by evaluating efficacy, complication rate, quality of life after CV and patient-acceptance of outpatient CV. METHODS: One-hundred and eleven consecutive patients with persistent AF were included. Patients were under continuous monitoring throughout the procedure and 3 h after. CV was done in deep sedation using rising energies (200->360 J). Quality of life (QoL), late adverse events and patient-acceptance were assessed 4 weeks after CV. RESULTS: AF could be terminated with a mean of 1.4 shocks in all patients. Acute adverse events could be observed in 3.6%. Late adverse events were noted in 8.2%. Seventy-four percent of the patients felt "good" or "very good" the day of CV. Eighty-nine percent of the patients would undergo a CV again and in case of a further CV 69% of the patients would prefer an outpatient setting. Patients with a lower QoL-classification had longer duration of atrial fibrillation (median 1 vs. 3 months, p<0.05). No other clinical predictor for adverse events or a low QoL-classification could be identified. CONCLUSION: Electrical CV of persistent AF in an outpatient setting is feasible, safe and has a high patient-acceptance.
Stephanos Siaplaouras; Axel Buob; Armin Heisel; Michael Böhm; Jens Jung
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0167-5273     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-06     Completed Date:  2006-02-28     Revised Date:  2006-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Klinik für Innere Medizin III (Kardiologie, Angiologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin), Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Kirrberger Strasse, D-66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Ambulatory Care / economics,  methods
Atrial Fibrillation / therapy*
Attitude to Health
Costs and Cost Analysis
Electric Countershock / adverse effects,  economics,  methods*
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Quality of Life
Treatment Outcome

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