Document Detail

Outcomes of transcatheter valvotomy in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10569663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The results of transcatheter valvotomy in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) patients are presented with an attempt to identify the predictive factors for pulmonary valvotomy alone as definitive treatment. Between June 1995 and December 1997, 14 PA-IVS neonates with tripartite right ventricle underwent an attempted pulmonary valvotomy. For perforation of the pulmonary valve, a guidewire was used in 4, and a radiofrequency guidewire in 10 patients. Two outcome groups were identified. Group I included those in whom transcatheter treatment achieved a definitive success; group II patients required surgery despite an initial successful valvotomy. The attempt failed in 3 patients, 1 of whom had pericardial effusion. Perforation of the pulmonary valve was achieved in 11 patients: 2 with a guidewire and 9 with a radiofrequency guidewire. A subsequent balloon valvuloplasty was performed in these 11 patients. After valvuloplasty, mean right ventricular pressure decreased from 124 +/- 24 to 60 +/- 15 mm Hg (p <0.01). One died of heart failure and infection 10 days later, despite successful weaning from prostaglandin E1. Group I patients (n = 6) were treated with transcatheter valvotomy alone. Group II patients (n = 4) required right ventricular outflow patch. Significant differences between the 2 groups (group I vs II) were identified in tricuspid valve Z value (0.52 +/- 0.37 vs -1.25 +/- 0.48, p <0.05), pulmonary valve Z value (-3.47 +/- 0.59 vs -5.43 +/- 0.94, p <0.05), and ratio of right-to-left ventricular area on the apical 4-chamber view (0.73 +/- 0.06 vs 0.49 +/- 0.03, p <0.05). There were no significant differences in hemodynamic characteristics between the 2 groups. After a follow-up period ranging from 7 to 35 months (mean 18 +/- 10.3), the most recent echocardiograms in the 10 patients showed a mean pressure gradient across the pulmonary valve of 17 +/- 15 mm Hg. All 10 patients had an oxygen saturation of >92%. Transcatheter valvotomy using a radiofrequency guidewire is a safe and effective treatment in selected patients with PA-IVS. Transcatheter valvotomy can be a definitive treatment in PA-IVS patients with a tricuspid valve Z value > or = -0.1, pulmonary valve Z value > or = -4.1 and ratio of right-to-left ventricular area > or = 0.65.
J K Wang; M H Wu; C I Chang; Y S Chen; H C Lue
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-30     Completed Date:  1999-11-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1055-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics and Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei.
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MeSH Terms
Balloon Dilatation / instrumentation*
Child, Preschool
Equipment Design
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Septum* / ultrasonography
Hemodynamics / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Pulmonary Atresia / mortality,  therapy*,  ultrasonography
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome

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